What came out of Warsaw on REDD? Part 1: The REDD decisions
REDD Monitor, 25 November 2013

WARSAW, POLAND: UNFCCC negotiators in Warsaw came to seven decisions relating to REDD, addressing: REDD+ finance; coordination of finance; national forest monitoring systems; summary of information on safeguards; forest reference emission levels; measuring, reporting and verification of forest-related emissions; and drivers of deforestation and forest degradation. Read the article, including links to the full text of the decisions …

The Warsaw Framework for REDD Plus: The decision on REDD finance
REDD Monitor, 29 November 2013

This post looks at the Warsaw decision on REDD finance (work programme on results-based finance to progress the full implementation of the activities referred to in decision 1/CP.16, paragraph 70). Read the post …

The Warsaw Framework for REDD Plus: The decision on coordination of REDD finance
REDD Monitor, 4 December 2013

This post looks at the decision on coordination of REDD finance (Coordination of support for the implementation of activities in relation to mitigation actions in the forest sector by developing countries, including institutional arrangements). Read the post …

The Warsaw Framework for REDD Plus: The decision on national forest monitoring systems
REDD Monitor, 10 December 2013

This post looks at the decision on modalities for national forest monitoring systems. The text states that national forest monitoring systems should “enable the assessment of different types of forest in the country, including natural forest, as defined by the Party.” Read the post …

Guest Post: A pathetic REDD package
REDD Monitor, 3 December 2013

In this post, Simone Lovera, Global Forest Coalition, describes the Warsaw Framework for REDD+ as “the weakest text any international forest-related body has ever adopted.” Read the post …

Two very different views on the Warsaw REDD deal from Indigenous Peoples organisations
REDD Monitor, 7 December 2013

This post comments on two very different reactions to the Warsaw Framework for REDD from two indigenous peoples organizations. The first, from the Indigenous Peoples Biocultural Climate Change Assessment Initiative (IPCCA) is critical. The second, from the Tebtebba Foundation, is optimistic. Read the post, including links to the releases by IPCCA and Tebtebba …

REDD+ Learning Session 18: The Warsaw REDD+ Framework – COP 19 Results
WWF Forest and Climate Programme, December 2013

In this webinar, archived from a session that took place on 5 December 2013, Josefina Brana-Varela, Policy Director of WWF’s global Forest and Climate Programme; Hermine Kleymann, Program Officer for REDD Policy at WWF-Germany; and John O. Niles, Director for Climate and Forests with WWF-US, discuss REDD+ outcomes from the recent UNFCCC COP19 climate change talks in Warsaw, Poland and outline potential next steps. Follow the webinar …

Mapping UNFCCC REDD+: a visual guide to the systems and structures supporting REDD+ within the UNFCCC
WWF, Union of Concerned Scientists, Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, November 2013

This visual guide includes graphs on: REDD+ design elements necessary to obtain and receive results-based finance; REDD+ national strategy or action plan; national forest monitoring systems; national forest reference emissions levels and/or forest reference levels; measurement, reporting and verification; nationally appropriate mitigation actions; international consultation and analysis; and safeguard information systems. Download the guide [pdf] …

Introductory Curriculum on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation and Conserving and Enhancing Forest Carbon Stocks (REDD+)
Nature Conservancy, Conservation International, Rainforest Alliance, and World Wildlife Fund, 2013

This new course provides an introductory level of understanding on climate change, deforestation, forest degradation, and REDD+. It contains up-to-date information on policy and implementation as well as improved interactivity. It is divided into three courses: in Course 1, Introduction to Climate Change and the Role of Forests, the focus is on background information on climate change, the drivers of deforestation, and strategies for reducing deforestation and forest degradation. Course 2, REDD+ Policy, covers the essential aspects of the technical, political, financial, social, and environmental issues related to REDD+. Finally, in Course 3, REDD+ Implementation, the focus is on the basics of implementing REDD+ activities at various scales. The course is freely available to anyone who is interested. Access the course …

Best practices and available tools for the use of indigenous and traditional knowledge and practices for adaptation, and the application of gender-sensitive approaches and tools for understanding and assessing impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change
UN doc FCCC/TP/2013/11, 31 October 2013

To be considered during by UNFCCC Parties during the Climate Change Conference, to be held from 11-22 November 2013, in Warsaw, Poland, this technical paper provides a literature review and analysis of best practices and available tools for the use of indigenous and traditional knowledge and practices for adaptation; and the application of gender-sensitive approaches and tools for understanding and assessing impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change. Drawing on an extensive list of literature and examples from diverse regions and sectors, and different decision contexts, the paper notes that to date, traditional knowledge has been mostly used to improve observation of climate change and its impacts and in vulnerability assessments. There is little evidence of the of the integration of traditional knowledge into the implementation and monitoring of adaptation. Moreover, existing approaches and tools in observation and assessments may not be robust enough to appropriately incorporate traditional knowledge into adaptation planning and implementation; rather, they serve primarily to increase the participation of indigenous peoples and local communities in decision-making processes.

The following trends with regard to the tools and practices reviewed were noted: with respect to observation, local-level research by scientists, NGOs and indigenous peoples is being carried out, and there are also projects and initiatives to build synergies between TK and science for improved climate forecasting; under assessment, a range of participatory and information and communication technology tools are being used for vulnerability analyses that encourage the participation of indigenous peoples and local communities. However, it was noted that participation does not guarantee in and of itself that TK is adequately and appropriately built into adaptation; and under planning, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation, tools or modalities that recognize and incorporate TK have yet to be developed and piloted. To address the identified gaps, it is recommended that initial guidelines are developed on approaches and tools for the use of TK in adaptation through a process involving transdisciplinary natural and social science experts and relevant knowledge holders from indigenous and local communities. Download the paper [pdf] … Visit the website of the Warsaw Climate Change Conference …

Rio Conventions Pavilion at UNCCD COP11
17-26 September 2013 (Windhoek, Namibia)

Held in parallel with the eleventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and hosted by the Rio Conventions Secretariats and the Global Environment Facility, the Rio Conventions Pavilion meets under the overarching theme of “Shaping our Future: Rio+20 outcome follow-up and moving towards the post 2015 development agenda.” On 17 September 2013, the Indigenous and Local Community Sustainable Land Managers Day was held, organized by UNDP/Equator Initiative and other partners. The day included sessions on: reviving drylands – sustainable use of water in Sub-Saharan Africa; beyond the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – combating desertification, climate change and biodiversity loss post-2015; engaging with extractive industries – can it work; overcoming the challenges of desertification, land degradation and drought – best practices for sustainable land management and the strengthening of alternative livelihoods; and knowledge exchange for capacity building – networks and learning platforms. In the evening a reception was hosted by the World Indigenous Network (WIN), during which the Equator Initiative launched a book titled “Community-Based Sustainable Land Management: Best Practices in Drylands from the Equator Initiative.” Read the IISD Reporting Services’ report on the day … Visit the Rio Conventions Pavilion website …

Doha Climate Change Conference
26 November – 8 December 2012 (Doha, Qatar)

Negotiations focused on ensuring the implementation of agreements reached at previous conferences. The package of “Doha Climate Gateway” decisions included amendments to the Kyoto Protocol to establish its second commitment period; termination of the AWG-KP, the AWG-LCA and negotiations under the Bali Action Plan; and agreement to consider loss and damage, “such as” institutional mechanism to address loss and damage in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. On REDD+, the COP decided to undertake a work programme on results-based finance, aiming to contribute to the ongoing efforts to scale up and improve the effectiveness of finance for REDD+ activities; and requested SBSTA 38 to consider how non-market-based approaches, such as joint mitigation and adaptation approaches, could be developed, and initiate work on methodological issues related to non-carbon benefits resulting from REDD+ activities.

UNU-IAS Traditional Knowledge Initiative with the Australian government and the North Australian Indigenous Land and Sea Management Alliance (NAILSMA) organized an event on Australia’s savanna fire management and sustainable livelihoods initiative. North Australia’s Savanna Fire Management, which combines traditional indigenous burning practices with the latest scientific research and is recognized under Australia’s Carbon Farming Initiative (CFI), can provide guidelines for the establishment of fire projects in developing countries where savanna landscapes and traditional fire management practices are similar to those in tropical Australia. Using the knowledge and experience of Australia’s indigenous land managers, the initiative will develop resources to document and communicate results and lessons learned and provide practical guidance on project design and implementation.

Tebtebba and the Indigenous Peoples’ Partnership on Climate Change and Forests organized a panel analyzing the current state of negotiations and indigenous peoples’ demands on the Green Climate Fund. Panelists discussed the importance in protecting gains made by indigenous peoples in the next climate change agreement, including the recognition of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, recognition of traditional knowledge, and the requirements for full and effective participation in climate change programmes. On the Green Climate Fund, they called for full and effective participation of indigenous peoples, with separate representation from civil society.

Visit the meeting’s website … Read IISD Reporting Services’ daily reports and a summary/analysis of the meeting … Read IISD RS’ coverage of selected side events … Read the media release on Australia’s savanna fire management and sustainable livelihoods initiative … Read a report on the panel on analysis of the current state of negotiations and indigenous peoples’ demands on the Green Climate Fund by Natural Justice, including link to video …

Eighteenth session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC and the 8th session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol
26 November –  7 December 2012 (Doha, Qatar)

Over 20,000 delegates, key members from governments, UN Organizations and civil society are currently attending the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Doha. It includes the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 18) and the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (MOP 8).

In the first week of the meeting, indigenous peoples have called for the human rights, land rights, customary rights and traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples to be recognized, respected and incorporated into any new agreement in the Kyoto Protocol Working Group, and for an overarching human rights-based approach that includes recognition of indigenous governance structures, traditional knowledge and technology in the ADP for Enhanced Action. Under the Subsidiary Body for Implementation, indigenous peoples called for a consultative technical body to assist UNFCCC negotiations.

Further information about the REDD+ and Green Climate Fund negotiations is available here…

Upcoming side events of relevance to traditional knowledge include:


Interviews: Climate Change Studio

The Climate Change Studio is run by the UNFCCC Secretariat during UNFCCC meetings. It provides an opportunity for high level delegates to be interviewed briefly by a professional journalist on actions, solutions, observations and issues that impact on climate change. All interviews are filmed, edited and made available on the UNFCCC website, and shown on monitors throughout the conference venue during the COP.

For more information, see:  http://unfccc.int/meetings/cancun_nov_2010/items/5832.php

Wednesday 5 December

Briefing: Savanna Fire Management Event

A special briefing on the new UNU and Australian Government Savanna Fire Management and Sustainable Livelihoods initiative will be hosted in the Room 236 in the Conference Centre at 14:00. Australian Parliamentary Secretary Mark Dreyfus will provide a high-level overview of the initiative. Mr Peter Yu of NAILSMA will provide real world insight into the experience of Australia’s traditional owners undertaking SFiM offset activities and developing the CFI methodology. Mr Sam Johnston, UNU-IAS TKI, will provide an overview of how the project will be rolled out globally and the long term vision of the initiative.

Download the event flyer…  Download a brochure about the initiative… Read more about the initiative…

Side event: REDD+ MRV: Capturing benefits from community forest management in the tropics

A side event on community forest mangagement will be held at 16:45 in Side Event Room 6. It will showcase ongoing activities to promote robust, transparent and operational REDD+ MRV (mreasuring, reporting and verification) systems with effective participation of local communities in the framework of sustainable forest management. Like REDD+, savanna fire management also involves engaging local communities and indigenous peoples to take an active role in abatement activities.

For more information, see http://regserver.unfccc.int/seors/reports/events_list.html?session_id=COP18/CMP8

Side event: MOST side-event supported by the Norwegian National Commission for UNESCO

From 20:15—21:45 in Room 3, a side event will be held to further three diverse developing countries’ common vision by sharing innovative solutions and replicable indigenous and science-based models for building resilience in Colombia, Kenya, and the Philippines to reduce climate change/disaster risks and address impacts of flooding, landslides, and drought.

For more information about COP18: Visit the meeting’s website …  Follow the IISD RS coverage of the Doha Climate Change Conference …

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Document A/67/301 (August 2012), presented to the Third Committee of the UN General Assembly on 22 October 2012

In this report, UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples James Anaya provides comments on the need to harmonize the myriad UN activities that affect indigenous peoples. Specific UN processes and programmes reviewed include those related to: UNESCO, including the World Heritage Convention and the development of a UNESCO policy on indigenous peoples; FAO, including the Voluntary Guidelines on the responsible governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests; WIPO, including the IGC negotiations on intellectual property and genetic resources, traditional knowledge and traditional cultural expressions; CBD, including the Nagoya Protocol on access and benefit-sharing; UNFCCC; UNCSD; the World Bank Group, including the currently ongoing review process of all safeguard policies and the revision of the IFC performance standard on environmental and social sustainability; and REDD programmes.

The Special Rapporteur notes that the UN system has done important work to promote the rights of indigenous peoples. However, greater efforts are needed to maximize action throughout the UN system to promote the rights of indigenous peoples and to ensure that all actions within the system which affect indigenous peoples are in harmony with their rights, particularly their rights as affirmed by the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Download the report [pdf] …

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