Governance of Protected Areas: From understanding to action
Vol. 20 of the IUCN Best Practice in Protected Areas Guidelines Series
IUCN, with ICCA Consortium, GIZ, CBD Secretariat, 2013

This publication reflects the growing importance of governance issues in conservation. Over the past decades there has been a dramatic change in understanding about how governance of protected areas impacts on the achievement of their conservation goals. IUCN has defined four different forms of governance of protected areas. Along with state-run protected areas, managed by government employees, there are protected areas established and managed by indigenous peoples, local communities, ecotourism organisations, nonprofit trusts, private individuals, commercial companies and religious institutions, as well as a wealth of shared-governance arrangements between them. Finding the right mix of governance types within a protected area system and improving the quality of governance of individual sites remains one of the key challenges for bridging the implementation gap in CBD Programme of Work on Protected Areas, particularly in relation to effective participation, human rights, equity and benefit sharing. Part 1 of the publication deals with concepts and principles to understand the four main protected area governance types recognised by IUCN, featuring numerous examples from all over the world, and their role in the wider conservation landscape; as well as outlining criteria for quality of protected area governance. Part 2 offers practical guidance for countries willing to embark on the process of assessing, evaluating and improving governance for their systems of protected areas or for individual protected area sites. Access the resource website …