Montien Resolution on Human Rights and Agribusiness in Southeast Asia
Adopted by Southeast Asian National Human Rights Institutions and civil society

The Montien Resolution was adopted at a workshop held from 7-9 August 2013 in Bangkok, convened by the Thai Human Rights Commission with the support of the Forest Peoples Programme and the Rights and Resources Initiative. The workshop gathered participants from national human rights institutions from the Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Timor-Leste and Myanmar, and supportive civil society organizations. The resolution calls on all Southeast Asian countries to establish their own independent Human Rights Commissions in line with international standards, highlighting that Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, Laos PDR, Vietnam and Cambodia do not currently have their own Human Rights Commissions. It reiterates the need for States to develop effective regulatory frameworks which secure communities’ rights to lands, territories and resources and which require agribusinesses to respect such rights in line with international human rights standards, including UNDRIP and the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security. It demands full supply chain traceability in which environmental protections are matched with comprehensive protections of human rights for commodities such as palm oil, timber and soy; and emphasizes the urgent need to identify and encourage alternative production systems, based on secure rights, so that local communities, indigenous peoples and smallholders can have greater control of production based on diversified land use. Read the resolution …

Agribusiness large-scale land acquisitions and human rights in Southeast Asia – Updates from Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Cambodia, Timor-Leste and Burma
Sophie Chao (ed.), Forest Peoples Programme, Rights and Resources Initiative, August 2013

Compiled for the workshop above, this report provides a regional overview and individual country briefs on large-scale land acquisitions, highlighting challenges in terms of: preserving national sovereignty; ensuring national and local food security; having adequate institutional capacity and legal frameworks to regulate rapid changes in land ownership and use; providing tenurial security to both citizens and investors; ensuring that land acquisition from local communities and indigenous peoples is done fairly; guaranteeing respect for human rights; providing for rule of law and access to justice; preventing negative impacts on the environment; and avoiding negative impacts on the political economy and the undermining of sound land and forest governance. The studies pull together updated information about large-scale land acquisitions in the region, with the aim of identifying trends, common threats, divergences and possible solutions. They focus on land and forest tenure and human rights challenges. The national updates seek to summarize what laws and policies already in national human rights frameworks that could ensure respect for rights in large-scale land development and, on the basis of this analysis, recommend possible solutions to the problems identified. Download the full report or individual briefings …