First session of the Regional Conference on Population and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean
12-15 August 2013 (Montevideo, Uruguay)

Representatives of 38 countries of Latin America and the Caribbean adopted the “Montevideo Consensus on Population and Development,” a wide-ranging agreement on priority actions on several issues, including access to sexual and reproductive health, gender equality, and the rights of indigenous peoples. In a section entitled “Indigenous Peoples: Interculturalism and Rights,” the contribution of indigenous peoples of the region to development and to the conservation of the planet is reaffirmed, noting that all peoples contribute to the diversity and richness of civilizations and cultures, which constitute the common heritage of humanity. The agreement recognizes the urgent need to respect and promote the territorial rights of indigenous peoples as a prerequisite for the development of their identity and autonomy, and the need to protect and respect their collective rights. It is agreed to: respect and implement the provisions of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as well as ILO Convention no. 169 on indigenous and tribal peoples, adopting legal frameworks and formulating the policies necessary for their implementation, with the full participation of indigenous peoples; guarantee indigenous peoples’ right to health, including sexual and reproductive rights, as well as their right to their own traditional medicines and health practices; respect and guarantee the territorial rights of indigenous peoples, with special attention to the challenges presented by extractive industries, and design policies that facilitate free, prior and informed consultation; adopt, in conjunction with indigenous peoples, the measures needed to ensure the protection against all forms of violence and discrimination of indigenous women, boys, girls, adolescents and young people; guarantee indigenous peoples’ right to communication and information; and participate actively, with provision for the inclusion of indigenous peoples in national delegations, in the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples to be held in September 2014, as well as in other relevant international forums. Download the consensus [pdf] …