Customary sustainable use of biodiversity by indigenous peoples and local communities: Examples, challenges, community initiatives and recommendations relating to CBD article 10(c)
Forest Peoples Programme, KLIM (Suriname), SCPDA (Guyana), IMPECT (Thailand), OKANI, CED (Cameroon), Unnayan Onneshan (Bangladesh), October 2010

This synthesis paper is based on case studies from Bangladesh, Cameroon, Guyana, Suriname and Thailand. The case studies provide insights into the sophistication of local management systems, in particular the customary law systems, which guide the wise use of biological resources. The communities also describe the threats which their customary management systems are facing, and identify obstacles to effective implementation of CBD Article 10(c) in their countries. CBD Article 10(c) states that parties shall protect and encourage customary use of biological resources in accordance with traditional cultural practices that are compatible with conservation or sustainable use requirements. In addition to responding to a series of CBD COP decisions, these case studies further aimed to create a written record of the communities’ traditional practices, which until then had largely relied on oral transmission from one generation to the next. The project therefore enabled this knowledge to be documented and safeguarded, and demonstrated to others how these forest peoples use their lands and resources. The synthesis paper collates and summarizes the country case studies. It explores their common themes, and puts forward the communities’ recommendations to improve implementation of CBD Article 10(c) at the national and local levels. Download the synthesis paper [pdf] … Find links to case studies …