REDD-plus and Biodiversity
Tim Christophersen and Johannes Stahl (CBD Secretariat)
CBD Technical Series no. 59 (June 2011) | ISBN: 92-9225-377-8

This study provides scientific and technical information on ways to ensure that the design and implementation of policies for REDD+ support the objectives of the CBD. It aims to outline potential benefits of REDD+ for biodiversity and indigenous and local communities; demonstrate the importance of biodiversity and indigenous and local community co-benefits for the long-term success of REDD+; outline possible risks of REDD+ for biodiversity and indigenous and local communities, with a view to contributing to the development or improvement of appropriate policy recommendations; outline ways in which the CBD can contribute to the success of REDD+, and in turn, outline the potential ways in which REDD+ can contribute to the objectives of the CBD; and present various tools for achieving multiple benefits in planning and implementing REDD+ activities.

Among the study’s key messages, it is noted that involving indigenous peoples and local communities is key to the success of REDD+. Specific risks for indigenous peoples and local communities include: loss of traditional territories and restriction of land and natural resource rights; lack of tangible livelihood benefits to indigenous peoples and local communities and lack of equitable benefit-sharing; exclusion from designing and implementation of policies and measures; and loss of traditional ecological knowledge. These risks can be mitigated (i) through appropriate implementation and monitoring of the application of safeguards as outlined in UNFCCC COP decision 1/CP.16, including by ensuring that conversion of natural forests is avoided, and by ensuring full and effective participation of indigenous peoples and local communities based on the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples; (ii) by ensuring that REDD+ follows a comprehensive approach to forest-based carbon storage; (iii) by setting appropriate baselines and reference scenarios; and (iv) by monitoring biodiversity impacts of REDD-+ efforts, for example, in the context of reporting under the CBD. Download the study [pdf] …