Geographical Indications, In Situ Conservation and Traditional Knowledge
Jorge Larson Guerra
ICTSD Policy Brief No 3 (November 2010)

This policy brief presents aims to provide a panorama of current trends in geographical indications (GIs) as they relate to biodiversity conservation and rural development, and their potential contribution to poverty and hunger alleviation and environmental goals. The note presents key findings of an analysis of over 30 GI cases and their relation to in situ conservation, traditional knowledge and governance aspects of geographically differentiated value chains. It is presented in the hope that it may enrich the discussions currently taking place in the CBD and the WTO. Among the conclusions, the author notes that when peasant and indigenous communities use, or are interested in using, their biological resources to develop marketable products based on their TK, new governance challenges arise about the control over resources and practices. If communities and organizations do not strengthen or build such governance capacities they are prone to lose their resource base or control over their TK, and GIs can be a useful means in order to retain such control. Read the policy brief …