14th meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice to the Convention on Biological Diversity
10 May – 21 May 2010 (Nairobi, Kenya)

SBSTTA 14 adopted 18 recommendations to be considered by the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the CBD, which will be held in October 2010, in Nagoya, Japan. TK-related issues are addressed in the recommendations on: mountain biodiversity; Article 10 (sustainable use); protected areas; marine and coastal biodiversity; biodiversity and climate change; agricultural biodiversity; dry and sub-humid lands biodiversity; and post-2010 goals and targets.

On mountain biodiversity, SBSTTA recommends that the COP invite Parties, organizations and indigenous and local communities to disseminate information on mountain-related traditional knowledge and cultural dimensions of mountain biodiversity; and encourage Parties, organizations and indigenous and local communities to address climate change and adaptation and mitigation issues for mountain biodiversity by, among others, developing and implementing policies favourable to the conservation and sustainable use of mountain biological diversity and all its components to reduce the impact of climate change on mountain biodiversity and related traditional knowledge for enhanced resilience.

With regard to the in-depth review of implementation of the programme of work on Article 10 of the Convention (sustainable use of biodiversity) and application of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines, SBSTTA forwards to the COP the recommendations of the Liaison Group on Bushmeat, including a recommendation on rights and tenure, and traditional knowledge, noting that access, rights and associated accountability, as well as the responsibility to sustainably manage wildlife resources should be transferred whenever possible to local stakeholders. Conservation and sustainable use of wildlife resources would be enhanced through the incorporation of traditional knowledge into management and monitoring systems, as well as by favouring the use of the most ecologically friendly, cost-efficient and humane hunting methods. SBSTTA recommends that the COP welcome the Liaison Group recommendations, and invite Parties to implement them where appropriate, taking into consideration Article 10(c) as related to customary sustainable hunting practices for indigenous and local communities’ livelihoods.

With regard to the in-depth review of the implementation of the programme of work on protected areas, SBSTTA recommends that the COP invites Parties to establish clear mechanisms and processes for equitable cost and benefit-sharing and for full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities related to protected areas, in accordance with national laws and applicable international obligations; recognize the role of indigenous and local community conserved areas; and develop appropriate mechanisms for the recognition and support of indigenous and community conserved areas, respecting the customary governance systems that have maintained such areas over time.

With regard to the in-depth review of the implementation of the programme of work on marine and coastal biological diversity, SBSTTA recommends that the COP requests the Executive Secretary to undertake a study, within the context of Article 8(j), to identify specific elements for integrating the traditional, scientific, technical and technological knowledge of indigenous and local communities for the identification of marine areas in need of protection and the establishment and management of marine protected areas. The attached scientific guidance on the identification of marine areas beyond national jurisdiction which meet the scientific criteria for identification of ecologically or biologically significant areas adopted by COP 9 highlights that the application of the criteria should use all available information, including scientific and technical data as well as traditional knowledge and knowledge gained through life-experience of users of the oceans.

On biodiversity and climate change, SBSTTA recommends consideration of traditional knowledge, with the full involvement of indigenous peoples and local communities, in planning and implementing effective climate change mitigation and adaptation activities, including renewable energies. REDD+ projects should ensure benefits for forest-dwelling indigenous and local communities, through, for example, considering land ownership and land tenure; respecting, preserving and maintaining the knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity; and ensuring space for the full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities in relevant policy-making processes.

On agricultural biodiversity, SBSTTA recommends that the COP invites Parties to recognize as appropriate the critical importance of scientific, informal and traditional knowledge systems in the conservation and sustainable use of agricultural biodiversity.

On dry and sub-humid lands biodiversity, SBSTTA recommends that the COP request the Executive Secretary to publish a peer-reviewed report on the value of dry and sub-humid lands, taking into account the role of pastoralists and other indigenous and local communities in the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and their associated traditional knowledge. The COP is to invite Parties to develop and implement drought management plans, seeking to direct biodiversity management for the prevention of desertification, including through the involvement of pastoralists and indigenous and local communities and, as appropriate, in accordance with traditional community-based strategies, particularly through customary use systems.

The general recommendations on outcome-oriented goals and targets for the period beyond 2010 include reference to the work on traditional knowledge indicators of the Working Group on Indicators of the International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity.

Side-events of relevance included events on: the Satoyama Initiative; implementation of Article 10(c) on customary sustainable use of biodiversity; the conservation achievements of indigenous peoples and local communities; globally important agricultural heritage systems; biocultural community protocols; governance of protected areas; indigenous traditional knowledge and new technologies in conservation; and how indigenous peoples and rural communities are using agrobiodiversity to adapt to climate change.

Visit the meeting webpage … Read the IISD Reporting Services summary and analysis of the meeting …

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